Many individuals with ADHD and/or high-functioning autism have significant executive function deficits. Executive functions include: planning, organization, working memory, emotional regulation, cognitive flexibility, problem solving, impulse control, and task initiation. This set of functions is basically everything necessary to function well. When these skills are delayed or deficient, it wreaks havoc on the day-to-day, especially for students.

Executive function deficits are difficult to deal with. ADHD medication can help a little, but certainly not fully. You can’t “change” executive functions, because they are, in part, the way that individual’s brain is, and no medication exists to treat these deficits, much like learning disabilities.Read More